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Bow-legs And Knock-knees

Bowlegs and Knock-knees

What are Bow-legs? Bowlegs are a deformity around the knee in which the leg has deviated inwards with respect to the thigh. When a child with bowlegs stands with his or her feet together and toes pointed straight ahead, the knees do not touch. The medical term for bowlegs is “genu varum” (Figure 1). What …

Clubfoot in children

Clubfoot

‘Clubfoot’ (also called “Congenital Talipes Equinovarus” or “CTEV”) is a birth deformity in which a baby’s foot is twisted inwards and downwards. It is so-called because the shape of the foot resembles a golf club (Figure 1). It occurs in 1 in 1000 live birth.   Causes: In most cases, clubfoot is ‘idiopathic’, which means, …

Dr. Yogesh R. Vaidya

Computer Navigated Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement (TKR) surgery has become a commonly performed and highly successful surgical procedure for end-stage knee arthritis. Recent technological innovations have improved both early and long-term results and survivorship of the implanted joints. New implant designs have provided for a greater and more normal range of motion and a more natural feel. A …

ANAESTHESIA SERVICES IN PINNACLE ORTHOCENTRE

Dr Alpana Vaidya heads the Anaesthesia Department at Pinnacle Orthocentre Hospital. She has completed her Anaesthesia training from Topiwala Nair Medical College in 2005. She has been practicing for the past 15 years. She has a special interest in REGIONAL ANAESTHESIA. She specializes in Ultrasound-Guided Nerve blocks. At Pinnacle Orthocentre we have a high-end GE …

BRACHIAL PLEXUS BIRTH PALSY

BRACHIAL PLEXUS BIRTH PALSY Introduction: The brachial plexus is a network of nerves arising from the spinal cord in the neck and going to the upper limb. It is formed by contributions from five nerve roots called C5, C6, C7, C8, and T1. It supplies motor power to the muscles of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, …

Cerebral Palsy

Introduction ‘Cerebral Palsy’ (CP) is a disorder that affects a child’s ability to control his/her muscles. It is caused by damage to parts of the immature brain that control movement and coordination. The brain damage in cerebral palsy is non-progressive, unlike brain tumors and neurodegenerative disorders which are progressive. However, the deformities that occur in …

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI)

Introduction: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) also called “brittle bones disease” is a congenital disorder characterized by fragile bones and repeated fractures occurring after trivial trauma. The disease has a wide spectrum of severity, with severely affected children sustaining fractures at birth, and, mildly affected children sustaining fractures during sports activities. Causes: Bones are made up of …

Can I have a Spine problem again after surgery?

Our spine is like a long chain of multiple joints or motion segments and is a dynamic structure. Various movements take place across the different motion segments or levels leading to varying degrees of degeneration. After any surgery or tissue trauma, there is a body’s healing response by a process called fibrosis. Sometimes after a …

What precautions to be taken after Knee Joint Replacement Surgery?

Any patient who undergoes a Total Knee Replacement Surgery has to remember that the artificial joint that is implanted in the patient’s body has to last his or her lifetime. One has to take extreme care and precautions to avoid any trauma or injury to the implanted joint. Any fracture around the implanted joint is …

What is Congenital Vertical Talus?

Introduction: Congenital Vertical Talus (CVT) is also called Rocker Bottom Foot. It is a birth deformity of the foot. Normally, the sole of the human foot has an arch and is concave when viewed from the side (Figure 1). In Congenital Vertical Talus, the sole of the newborn child’s foot is convex when viewed from …